Diabetes In Pregnancy Specialist

Reno Maternity Care

Maternal Fetal Medicine & Gynecology located in Reno, NV

When you’re pregnant, it sometimes changes the way your body uses the sugars in your blood, which can sometimes lead to gestational diabetes. Earle Oki, MD, is an experienced OB/GYN and fetal medicine expert who specializes in treating conditions like gestational diabetes at Reno Maternity Care in Reno, Nevada. Dr. Oki and his team provide outstanding care for women who have diabetes in pregnancy. You can benefit from their expertise by calling Reno Maternity Care today.

Diabetes In Pregnancy

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition that develops when your body can’t make insulin or can’t use the insulin it does make.

Insulin is a hormone that’s essential for regulating blood sugar (glucose) levels. Insulin helps blood sugars get into your body’s cells to provide energy. If the sugars in your blood can’t enter your cells, it causes a buildup in your blood that can have many harmful effects on your health.

High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) can cause problems with your:

  • Blood vessels
  • Nerves
  • Eyes
  • Kidneys
  • Heart

High blood sugar can also cause congenital disabilities in the fetus and increases the risk of complications at birth.

There are three types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes

An illness in which your immune system destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin.

Type 2 diabetes

Most often, a consequence of being overweight or obese and having an unhealthy lifestyle. It develops because your body can’t make enough insulin or can’t use the insulin it makes efficiently.

Gestational diabetes

This is diabetes in pregnancy. It happens when your blood sugar is high and you have other symptoms of diabetes without having had the condition before your pregnancy. Gestational diabetes affects up to nine in every hundred women when they’re pregnant.

What causes diabetes in pregnancy?

Some women already have diabetes before becoming pregnant. Others only get diabetes when they’re already pregnant (gestational diabetes).

The placenta, which feeds your growing baby with oxygen and nutrients in your uterus, also makes hormones. As your pregnancy progresses, your body releases higher levels of hormones, including:

  • Estrogen
  • Cortisol
  • Human placental lactogen

High levels of these hormones can cause insulin resistance, where the blood sugars can't enter your body’s cells. The result is that your blood sugar levels rise, and you develop gestational diabetes.

How is diabetes in pregnancy treated?

The treatment prescribed depends on your symptoms, age, general health, and the severity of your diabetes.

You might just need to watch what you eat and drink and monitor your blood glucose levels. Self-help measures like these plus regular exercise are often enough to prevent diabetes in pregnancy causing any problems.

You might need to have extra tests to check on your baby’s development. These tests could include:

  • Fetal movement counting
  • Ultrasound
  • Nonstress testing
  • Biophysical profile
  • Doppler flow studies

If you need additional treatment to control blood sugar levels, Dr. Oki and his team can provide diabetes medications or insulin injections. They can also help you eat a healthy, low carb diet and monitor your blood sugars to keep you and your baby healthy.

Call Reno Maternity Care today for more information.