Family Planning

Reno Maternity Care

Maternal Fetal Medicine & Gynecology located in Reno, NV

Choosing when you become pregnant ensures both you and your children have the best possible experience of family life. If you need advice on the right family planning methods, Earle Oki, MD, can help. Dr. Oki is an experienced OB/GYN and fetal medicine expert who, with his team, provides expert family planning guidance at Reno Maternity Care in Reno, Nevada. You can benefit from their expertise by calling Reno Maternity Care today.

Family Planning

What is family planning?

Family planning is the use of birth control to prevent pregnancy before you’re ready to start a family. Using a family planning method that works best for you can reduce the chance of pregnancy by between 95- and 99% if used properly.

No birth control method apart from abstinence is guaranteed to be successful all of the time, but with well thought out family planning in place, you’re far more in control of your fertility.

Which approach to family planning is the best?

There’s no single form of family planning that’s best for everyone. Many factors go into your decision, and Dr. Oki and his team can provide all the information and advice you need at your family planning consultation.

Every option has its positives and negatives, which you need to be aware of. Dr. Oki and his team can look at the kind of lifestyle you lead and take into account any relevant medical history to come up with the most appropriate option.

Some of the considerations you need to make when choosing your family planning method include:

  • Ease of use
  • Potential side effects
  • Effectiveness
  • Cost
  • Reversibility
  • STD (sexually transmitted disease) protection

You might have your own specific concerns like the effect of oral contraceptives on your period. Some women who suffer from painful periods benefit from the additional advantage of a reduction in pain and bleeding if they’re taking a birth control pill, which could be important for you.

What family planning methods are there?

Family planning methods either interfere with the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone to prevent fertilization or create a physical barrier that stops sperm from getting to the egg. 

Hormonal family planning methods include:

  • Combined contraceptive pill (estrogen and progestin)
  • Mini pill (progestin only)
  • Medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) injection
  • Hormonal skin patches
  • Vaginal ring
  • Nexplanon® implant
  • Hormonal IUD (intrauterine device)

A long-lasting copper IUD is also available. The copper is harmful to both sperm and eggs, making this an effective, hormone-free option.

Barrier methods of family planning include:

  • Male condoms
  • Female condoms
  • Diaphragms
  • Cervical caps

Barrier methods work even better if you use them with a spermicide, which destroys any odd sperm that get around the barrier. Condoms are also the only family planning method that effectively cuts the risk of infection with an STD. Therefore, you might want to consider using hormonal birth control and condoms together, unless you’re in a secure, monogamous relationship.

Becoming a parent when you’re ready is a truly life-changing experience, but when you’re in poor health, have financial or emotional problems, or just aren’t ready, parenthood can be an overwhelming struggle. When you are ready, Dr. Oki and his team also provide preconception counseling.

Take control of planning your family by calling Reno Maternity Care today.